Decrease Font SizeIncrease Font Size || Print Button

2. Agriculture and Rural Development


According to 2011 census, the country’s rural population is almost 83.25 crore (68.8% of total population). There has been wide consensus that the rural development should be inclusive and sustainable in order to alleviate the poverty. The tentative Gross Budgetary Support (GBS) for the Ministry of Rural Development for the Twelfth Five Year Plan (2012-17) is Rs. 44,3261 crore (against the Rs. 29,1682 crores of Eleventh Plan period) which includes the major programs.

Although agriculture now accounts for only 14 per cent of Gross Domestic Product (GDP), it is still the main source of livelihood for the majority of the rural population. As such rapid growth of agriculture is critical for inclusiveness. Important structural changes are taking place within the sector and there are definite signs of improved performance. Agricultural growth has accelerated compared to the Tenth Plan and diversification is proceeding.

Overview of Agriculture from the 12th Plan
Overview of the Rural Development Sector from the 12th Plan
Sector Chapter on Agriculture from the Plan Download PDF File
Sector Chapter on Rural Development from the Plan Download PDF File
Some more reports from Ministry of Agriculture


Focus areas

1. Employment creation

Dependence on Agriculture in rural areas- Farmers are shifting to non-agricultural work and tightening the labour market in agriculture and putting pressure on farm wages. Focus area of the 12th Plan will be improving Viability of Small farms, Extended Information reach to farmers, investments both on-farm and in watershed development to enable better responses to depleting natural resources and weather risk, focus not just on production but also on farm incomes, stressing service delivery and suggesting encouragement of group activity with land and tenancy reforms put back on the agenda. Two major rural development programs focus on employment creation. MGNREGA offers the wage employment and National Rural Livelihoods Mission (NRLM) aims to generate the sustainable livelihood for the poor (BPL) by mobilizing them in to Self-Help Groups (SHGs) and creation of their Federations.

Description of Dataset/Resource Source
MGNREGA MIS ( provide physical and financial data since programme inception)
Webpage of MGNREGA
NRLM webpage

2. Planned spending on Agriculture

Rework architecture of the Plan spending on agriculture to make it more decentralised and flexible and more coordinated locally to improve total productivity of private resources by better service delivery in all areas from extension to input supply and marketing. Productivity is a combined function of prices and yields.

Description of Dataset/Resource Source
Daily market prices (Rice and Wheat) and insurance to live stock data available and sort=updated%20desc
For investnment in agriculture: Agricultural Statistics -2012
For investnment in agriculture: Agricultural Statistics 2003-11
For data on agricultural yields: Mospi and menu_id=43
Reserve Bank of India

3. Housing for Poor

Housing is considered to be a basic need for everyone. Considering this, at present the Indira Awaas Yojana (IAY) provides financial assistance of Rs 70,000/- in plain areas and Rs 75,000/- in hilly/difficult/IAP districts (w.e.f. from 1st April 2013) to BPL families in rural area.

Description of Dataset/Resource Source
IAY webpage    
Nirmal Bharat Abhiyan
Rural drinking water

4. Social security and Pension

National Social Assistance Program (NSAP) is an integral element of India’s battle against poverty and distress to provide succour to senior citizens, differently abled people and others who have suffered due to mishaps in their life through unconditional cash transfers.

Description of Dataset/Resource Source
NSAP webpage
NSAP Guideline
Direct Benefit transfer Dashboard

5. Rural road connectivity:

Rural connectivity is a key component of rural development and poverty alleviation in India. The main mechanism for enhancing rural connectivity in a more systematic way has been the Pradhan Mantri Gram SadakYojana (PMGSY), a Centrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS), launched on the 25 December 2000. The detail of programme is at page 218 in volume 2 of 12th Five Year Plan document.

Description of Dataset/Resource Source
PMGSY webpage
PMGSY Guideline

6. Provision of credit at reasonable rates

For this, Public Land Banks (PLB) at Panchayat level are to be set up. Landowners could ‘deposit’ uncultivated land and receive regular payments from the PLB. The PLB could then lease out to small and women farmers or their collectives. Because of shrinking land assets of farmers FPOs have come up.

Description of Dataset/Resource Source
Agricultural Credit Flow
Leasing and Miscellaneous data

7. Public distribution system

The Public Distribution System is relevant for ensuring adequate quantity of quality food is made available at affordable prices to people to live a life with dignity.

Description of Dataset/Resource Source
Procurements offtakes and Stocks