|9th Five Year Plan (Vol-2)|
Transport || Postal Sector || Telecom Sector || Information and Broadcasting || Information Technology || Tourism
7.5 INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
7.5.1 Information Technology (IT) is increasingly becoming the technological infrastructure for the service sector. Information Technology broadly includes all sub-sectors dealing with the generation, transmission and utilisation of information like informatics, statistics, office automation, data processing, Management Information System (MIS), Decision Support System (DSS), Online and real-time computer applications, telecommunications, broadcasting and computer networking. IT and
allied sectors have immense potential for employment generation. It is expected to emerge as one of the largest employers of work force in the country, providing jobs to about 25% of the labour force in the long run.
7.5.2 Following recommendations of the National Task Force on IT, 1-3% of the budget of all the Ministries/Departments has been earmarked for expenditure on IT applications. It is expected to generate about one million additional jobs every year. It would also lead to increased productivity in various sectors, timeliness of implementation of projects leading to the minimisation of time and cost overruns as well as creation of entirely new enterprises like Software Export, Internet-based enterprises, Electronic Commerce etc. There has now emerged a propensity for IT-led development. The impact of IT will be especially predominant in the social sectors like health, education , judiciary and rural development.
7.5.3 The technological convergence of IT, Telecommunication and Entertainment Electronics have opened new vistas in the life of the common man. A National Information Infrastructure (NII) is evolving as a network of networks including such nation-wide computer networks as NICNET under the Planning Commission, ERNET under the Department of Electronics, HV Net and I-Net under the Department of Telecommunications in addition to an extensive Fibre Optic Telecommunication Backbone being set up by DOT. From the 40,000 route kilometers of fibre optic laid by the end of the Eighth Plan, the backbone is expected to be strengthened to more than 1,00,000 route kilometers through not only the efforts of DOT, but also Railways and the private sector.
7.5.4 The impact of the Global Information Infrastructure(GII) through Internet and low earth orbit satellite constellations will be consolidated during the Plan period with linkages to NII. An addition of over 100 Mbps external gateway capacity for such linkages is expected to spawn an estimated 5000 small and medium scale knowledge-based enterprises.
7.5.5 The Local Area Network (LAN) and Metropolitan Area Network (MAN) segment is estimated to grow to 20,000 nodes per year by the end of the Plan, prodded by the increasing induction of Wireless Data Communication equipment and Cellular Data Communication.
7.5.6 The public investment required for the above growth of Information Technology sector, especially for supporting the social sector, creation of the basic informatics infrastructure with universal access and the consequent creation of employment, is recommended to be realised by allowing every Central, Centrally sponsored and State Plan Projects to utilise up to 3 percent of their total Budget for Information Technology.
7.5.7 In order to enable India to emerge as Information Technology Super Power within the next 10 years a National Task Force on Information Technology and Software Development was set up in May, 1998 with Shri Jaswant Singh, Deputy Chairman, Planning Commission as chairperson.
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